African American men are 1.6 times more likely to develop prostate cancer than whites and 2.6 times more likely than Asian Americans. Incidence refers to each diagnosed case. Incidence does not directly relate to death. In fact, even among African American men, prostate cancer may not be the diagnosed man’s ultimate cause of death.
Prostate cancer incidence and mortality in the United States by race
|Asian American and Pacific Islander||91.1||10.6|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||76.1||20.0|
|*Per 100,000 men|
|SOURCE: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database, 2002– 2006, National Cancer Institute|
International Incidence Rates:
International prostate cancer incidence rates in black men do not easily compare because of differences in detection pathways and data collection. But, across the world, black men have a higher risk of developing prostate cancer and at younger age then white men.
Aus G, et al, Eur Urol 48: 546–551 (2005) EAU guidelines on prostate cancer. Eur Urol 48: 546–551
Edwards BK, et al, (2005) Annual report to the nation on the status of cancer, 1975–2002, featuring population-based trends in cancer treatment. J Natl Cancer Inst 97(19): 1407–1427
Ferlay J, et al, DMGLOBOCAN 2008, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 10. accepted 2010
Parkin DM, et al, (2003) Cancer in Africa: Epidemiology and Prevention. 1st ed. IARC Scientific Publications: Lyon (France), No. 153
Delay in Treatment Initiation:
Based on data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER)-Medicare registry, African American men take seven days longer than white men to initiate treatment after diagnosis. African American men with advanced stage prostate cancer take nine days longer than white men with similar staging.
William A. Stokes, et al Racial differences in time from prostate cancer diagnosis to treatment initiation. Cancer, 2013